Acute Kidney Injury and Outcomes in Children Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery: A Propensity-Matched Analysis

Study Type: Retrospective observational study in a large North American paediatric centre. Methods: Retrospective assessment for postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients ≤ 18 years of age having noncardiac surgery between 2013 & 2018 and having had a preoperative serum creatinine level in the previous 12 months. Findings: A total of 25,203 surgical cases […]

Major Short-term Complications of Arterial Cannulation for Monitoring in Children

This is a retrospective chart review assessing complications of arterial cannulation for monitoring of paediatric patients undergoing surgical procedures at a single institution over 10 years to August 2016. There were 5142 arterial cannulations in 4178 patients, 66% were radial, 29.7% femoral and 4.3% other. The authors report 11 major complications (8 vascular and 3 […]

Prospectively assessed neurodevelopmental outcomes in studies of anaesthetic neurotoxicity in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

In this systematic review and meta-analysis, Ing et al have evaluated three papers (GAS, MASK, PANDA) to determine the effect of exposure to a single general anaesthetic on long term neurodevelopmental outcomes in children < 18 years old. The outcome scores evaluated included parental scoring systems (CBCL total problems, CBCL externalising problems, CBCL internalising problems), […]

A comparison of videolaryngoscopy using standard blades or non-standard blades in children in the Paediatric Difficult Intubation Registry.

In this retrospective, observational study, Peyton et al have compared a variety of standard video blades (e.g. C-Mac and Mac Miller) to non-standard, hyperangulated video blades (e.g. C-MAC D blade, Glidescope) in patients expected or known to have difficult or impossible direct laryngoscopy. The data was obtained from PeDI-R, a collaborative, multicentre, international registry and […]